There are several conservative methods to treat stress urinary incontinence, but if those don’t work for you, your doctor may recommend surgery. There are two types of procedures aimed at treating this type of urinary leakage, which is due to the weakening of pelvic muscles caused by childbirth, age, obesity and strenuous activity.
Sling procedures involve using a surgical mesh to create a hammock to support the urethra (the tube through which urine is voided) and to keep it closed. Bladder neck suspension procedures use sutures to reinforce the bladder neck where it attaches to the urethra. The bladder neck is secured to either a ligament near the pubic bone or to pubic bone cartilage.