Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) may affect as many as 75 per cent of women to varying degrees of severity. PMS typically involves a combination of physical and emotional symptoms ranging from headache, fatigue, fluid retention, bloating and breast tenderness to mood swings, irritability, anxiety, food cravings, insomnia and crying spells.
Symptoms typically occur seven to ten days before menstruation and last for the first few days of your period. In some women, a severe form of PMS called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) can occur. With PMDD, the emotional symptoms of PMS are experienced to an extreme degree. Women with PMDD may feel overwhelming sadness or hopelessness, debilitating anxiety, anger or wild mood swings. Treatment of PMS and PMDD is aimed at reducing symptoms to a point where women feel balanced and able to continue with their daily activities.